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Montrose and Modern Memory: the literary after-life of the first marquis of Montrose


By addressing the ways in which historical and fictional texts from the mid-seventeenth century to the present have depicted the first marquis of Montrose (1612–1650), this article emphasises the influence of religious partisanship on Scottish historiography; the distorting lens that Romanticism offered to those seeking to understand the religious and national trauma of the covenanting wars; the influence of pre-1745 events on the interests of Victorian literary Jacobitism; the impact of populism on the cult of Montrose; and the revisionism of twentieth and twenty-first century texts that question the dichotomy of cavalier and covenant presented by earlier writers and suggest a subversive reading of the heroism evoked in conventional appreciations of the life of the marquis.