restricted access When All They Thought Was Solid Melted into Air: Resisting Pauperization in Argentina during the 2002 Crisis
Abstract

This article examines the actions that millions of new-poor Argentine citizens took when confronted with impoverishment during the country’s economic crisis in 2002. Drawing on World Bank and Latinobarómetro survey data, it explores how their distinct understandings of citizenship; their possession of human, social, physical, cultural, and financial capital; and aspects of their middle-class identity shaped the very specific forms of resistance that they adopted compared to the structural poor. It provides insights into why some citizens perceived their hardship as a political problem, formed collective grievances, and manifested their resistance through protest, while others located the causes of hardship in their own deficiencies and tended to confine their responses to individual self-improvement strategies. It also finds that differences in personal biographies, experiences of poverty, and the changing spaces available to protest influenced individuals’ choice of action.


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