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The surface-compositional semantics of English intonation:
Audio Files Accompanying Examples

The following examples, repeated from the main article, are accompanied by audio files.

p. 7

  1. 1. That was my wife. inline graphic

          H*   LL%

p. 8

  1. 2.

    1. a. I only introduced Bill to Sue. inline graphic

    2. b. I only introduced Bill to Sue. inline graphic

  2. 3.

    1. a. They only asked whether I knew the woman who chairs the zoning board. inline graphic

    2. b. #Which boards did they ask whether you knew the woman who chairs?

  3. 4.

    1. a. The committee only recommended that John should be appointed. inline graphic

    2. b. At least one committee member recommended that each/every candidate should be appointed.

p. 9

  1. 6.

    1. a. Anna married a man with a pink Cadillac. inline graphic

    2. b. Anna married a man with a pink Cadillac. inline graphic

    3. c. Anna married a man with a pink Cadillac. inline graphic

  2. 7. Anna married some guy she met. inline graphic

p. 11

  1. 9. Q: I know Emma will marry Arnim. But who will marry Manny? inline graphic

    A: (Anna) (will marry Manny). inline graphic

      H*       L+H*   LH%

  2. 10. Q: I know Emma will marry Arnim. But who will Anna marry? inline graphic

    A: (Anna will marry     ) (Manny). inline graphic

    L+H*    LH%  H*    LL%

  3. 11. Q: I know Emma will marry Arnim. But who will marry Manny? inline graphic

    A: #(Anna will marry     ) (Manny). inline graphic

      L+H*        LH%  H*    LL%

  4. 12. Q: I know Emma will marry Arnim. But who will Anna marry? inline graphic

    A: #(Anna) (will marry Manny). inline graphic

      H*        L+H*  LH%

  5. 13. Q: I know Emma will marry Arnim. But who will Anna marry?inline graphic

    A: (Anna    ) (will marry Manny). inline graphic

      L+H* LH%        H*    LL%

p. 12

  1. 14.

    1. a. You put my trousers in the microwave! inline graphic

              H*      H*    LL%

    2. b. You put my trousers in the microwave? inline graphic

              L*      L*    LH%

p. 13

  1. 15.

    1. a. You put my trousers in the microwave? inline graphic

              H*      H*    LH%

    2. b. You put my trousers in the microwave! inline graphic

              L*      L*    LL%

p. 14

  1. 16. Q: I know Emma will marry Arnim. But who will marry Manny?inline graphic

    A: (Anna)ρ (will marry Manny)θ. inline graphic

        H*          LL%

  2. 17. Q: I know Emma will marry Arnim. But who will Anna marry? inline graphic

    A: (Anna will marry)θ (Manny)ρ. inline graphic

              H*  LL%

  3. 18.

    1. a. Q: What will Anna do?inline graphic

      A: (Anna will)θ (marry Manny)ρ. inline graphic

              H*  LL%

    2. b. Q: What about Anna?inline graphic

      A: (Anna)θ (will marry Manny)ρ. inline graphic

                H*  LL%

    3. c. Q: What’s new? inline graphic

      A: (Anna will marry Manny)ρ. inline graphic

              H*    LL%

Note 20

  1. i.

    1. a. Is your mother home? inline graphic

            H*      LH%

    2. b. Can you pass the salt? inline graphic

              H* LH%

p. 15

  1. 19. Q: What’s new?inline graphic

    A: (Your mother called)ρ. inline graphic

        H*      LL%

  2. 20. #Jesus wept. inline graphic

  3. 21.

    1. a. Truman died. inline graphic

    2. b. Johnson died. inline graphic

  4. 22. Johnson died yesterday. inline graphic

Note 26

  1. i. A: #(Anna married Manny)ρ. inline graphic

            H*      LL%

p. 16

  1. 23. Q: What’s new? inline graphic

    A: #(Anna married Manny)ρ. inline graphic

      H*        LL%

  2. 24. H: Harry’s such a klutz.inline graphic

    S: He’s a good badminton player! inline graphic

            L*+H      LH%

        ‘You do not suppose it to be common ground that he’s a good badminton player.’ (implies: You seem to have forgotten that he’s a good badminton player, (from which it follows that he is no klutz).)

Note 27

  1. i.

    1. a. Your mother called you. inline graphic

    2. b. The nazis did this to me. inline graphic

    3. c. The dog made a mess. inline graphic

Note 28

  1. i. S: He’s a good badminton player! inline graphic

            L*+H      LL%

          ‘I do not suppose it to be common ground that he’s a good badminton player.’ (implies: You fail to realize that he’s a good badminton player, (from which it follows that he is no klutz).)

p. 17

  1. 25. he:

    I can’t believe I ate the whole thing.

    she:

      You  ate it Ralph. inline graphic

        L+H* L+H*      HL%

          ‘I suppose it to be common ground that you (as opposed to anyone else) ate it (as opposed to doing anything else).’ (implies: You know perfectly well that you ate it, Ralph.)

  2. 26. Well,   yes. inline graphic

        L+H* LL%

       ‘I suppose the affirmative to be common ground.’ (implies: You ought to know that I did.)

p. 20

  1. 28. That was only my wife. inline graphic

  2. 29. a. I don’t eat red meat. inline graphic

            H* LL%

  3. 30. a. That was not my wife. inline graphic

        L+H*  L+H*   LH%

p. 21

  1. 31. Q: I know Anna dated a man with a red Cadillac. But who did she marry? inline graphic

    A: (Anna married   ) (a man with a big pink Cadillac). inline graphic

      L+H* LH%        H*       LL%

  2. 33. Q: I know Anna dated a man with a red Cadillac. But who did she marry? inline graphic

    A: (Anna married) (a man with a big pink Cadillac). inline graphic

            H*       LL%

  3. 35. Q: Where will the guests at Ivan and Theona’s wedding be seated? inline graphic

    A: Friends and relations of the couple will sit at the table. inline graphic

    L+H*    L+H*       LH%         H*     LL%

p. 22

  1. 36.

    1. a. An American farmer was talking to a Canadian farmer. inline graphic

        L+H*   L+H*         L+H*       LL%

    2. b. An American farmer was talking to a Canadian farmer. inline graphic

        L+H*         L+H*       LL%

  2. 37. An American farmer with a big pink Cadillac was talking to a Canadian farmer with a big pink Cadillac. inline graphic

p. 25

  1. 44. Well, I’ll be a monkey’s uncle! inline graphic

          H*    H*  LL%

p. 26

  1. 45. It’s cold in here!inline graphic

         H*      LL%

p. 31

Note 50

  1. i. The blackboard’s painted orange! inline graphic

      L*           H*     LL%

p. 37

  1. 82.

    1. a. I have to see a guy. inline graphic

    2. b. You need to talk to someone. inline graphic

    3. c. You took advantage of me. inline graphic

    4. d. He was reading superman to some kid. inline graphic

p. 39

  1. 90.

    1. a. Which guest ate only tofu? inline graphic

    2. b. Who only ate vegetables? inline graphic

  2. 91.

    1. a. Anna ate only tofu. inline graphic

    2. b. Manny only ate vegetables.inline graphic

  3. 92.

    1. a. Anna only introduced Sue to Bill. inline graphic

    2. b. Anna also only introduced Sue to Tom. inline graphic

p. 42–43

  1. 94.

    1. a. Q: Che c’è di nuovo? inline graphic

          ‘What’s new?’

      A: #(Tua mamma ha telefonato)ρ. inline graphic

          H*       LL%

          ‘Your mother phoned.’

    2. b. Q: Chi ha telefonato? inline graphic

        ‘Who phoned?’

      A: #(Tua mamma)ρ (ha telefonato)θ. inline graphic

          H*         LL%

          ‘Your mother phoned.’

    3. c. Q: Ha telefonato Gianni? inline graphic

        ‘Did Gianni phone?’

      A: No, (tua mamma ha telefonato)ρ. inline graphic

            H*       LL%

        ‘No, your mother phoned.’

  2. 95.

    1. a. Q: Che c’è di nuovo?inline graphic

      A: (Ha telefonato tua mamma)ρ. inline graphic

          H*       LL%

    2. b. Q: Chi ha telefonato? inline graphic

      A: (Ha telefonato)θ (tua mamma)ρ. inline graphic

            H*     LL%

    3. c. Q: Ha telefonato Gianni?inline graphic

      A: No, (ha telefonato tua mamma)ρ. inline graphic

              H*     LL%

p. 44

  1. 97. Q: Ich weiss, wer den Danny geheiratet hat. Aber wer hat den Manny geheiratet? inline graphic

      ‘I know who married Danny. But who married Manny?

    A: (Den Manny)θ (hat Anna geheiratet)ρ. inline graphic

      L*+H       H+L*       LL%

        ‘Anna married Manny.’

  2. 98. Q: Ich weiss, wen Anna gesehen hat. Aber wen hat Anna geheiratet? inline graphic

      ‘I know who Anna saw. But who did Anna marry?’

    A: (Geheiratet)θ (hat Anna den Manny)ρ. inline graphic

        L*+H         H+L* LL%

        ‘Anna married Manny.’

p. 45–46

  1. 100. Q: What about Mary? What does she admire? inline graphic

    A: (Mary) ((admires musicals), (but detests opera)). inline graphic

          H*   L    H*   LL%

  2. 101.

    1. a. (They only asked whether I knew)θ (the woman who chairs the zoning board)ρ. inline graphic

         L+H* LH%               H*   LL%

    2. d. #(They asked whether I knew the woman who chaired)θ (the zoning board)ρ. inline graphic

                        L+H* LH%     H*   LL%

  3. 102. (John only introduced)θ (Mary to Sue)ρ. inline graphic

Mark Steedman
University of Edinburgh