This article examines the ways in which Brazilian lawyers and judges experience difference. It focuses on how gender and diversity intersect in identity formation among women and men in public and private practice in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. In attempting not to attach one fixed meaning to the concept of difference, the research works with Avtar Brah’s typology, which aids in detecting how difference is perceived and experienced by the interviewees. The results provide a look at the specificities of professional practice in the global periphery, comparing the gender composition of law firms and gender stratification within legal and judicial careers, as well as respective perceptions of exclusion and prejudice or inclusion and diversity. The field work collected data on public and private practice and interviewed twenty-four lawyers, eighteen state judges, and ten federal court judges (women and men) in the both the capital and smaller cities of the state of São Paulo.