restricted access Representation and the Novel

This essay uses The American to stage a discussion of the vexed notion of novelistic representation. What does it mean to say that a novel represents the real, and under what conditions must we say, as James did of The American, that it fails to do so? This essay suggests that, contrary to a popular myth, the notion of representation has little to do with mimesis and the question of whether a novel “copies” reality and much to do with how a novel can come to achieve a special kind of status within a culture.