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Pinacate Campmates

From: Journal of the Southwest
Volume 49, Number 3, Autumn 2007
pp. 323-356 | 10.1353/jsw.2007.0012

In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:

Pinacate Campmates
Bill Hoy

Bill Hoy served the National Park Service for thirty-three years, including Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, where he interviewed many local people and chronicled their histories. He is now retired, living near Fort Bowie, Arizona, and studying Apache lifeways.

Bill Broyles

Bill Broyles is a perennial freshman at the desert schoolhouse, where he has been educated by the spine of a cactus, the call of a quail, and the words of patient sages. His latest homework includes Sunshot: Peril and Wonder in the Gran Desierto, and he had a hand in Dry Borders: Great Natural Reserves of the Sonoran Desert.


1. In several letters prior to the expedition, Hornaday asked the commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization to allow Milton “a leave of absence . . . for the purpose of allowing him to accompany” the expedition, but it is unclear if the leave was granted, if Milton was paid during that time, or if he was on a vacation with expenses paid by Hornaday and MacDougal. See letters and telegrams from MacDougal to Phillips, September 29, 1907; MacDougal to Hornaday, October 13, 1907; Acting Commissioner-General F. H. Larned to Hornaday, October 17, 1907; Hornaday to MacDougal, October 18, 1907; MacDougal to Hornaday, October 19, 1907; Milton to George Webb, October 27, 1907. Correspondence in Daniel T. MacDougal Collection, Arizona Historical Society, Tucson.

2. In a September 29, 1956, letter to Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument Superintendent James M. Eden, S. E. McDaniel writes that he and his brother bought the Bates Well ranch and cattle from Rube in March of 1917. “Rube had suffered a stroke and was unable to carry on his business. His mind was impaired, and that is one reason we did not get more information from him.” By 1922, “Rube Daniels and his family stayed right there [Bates Well] all this time. We knew that he was not happy, so after disposing of the cattle, I asked him if he wanted to buy the ranch back. That was what he wanted, so we made a deal for $1,500. Within a couple of years Rube was taken to the hospital in Ajo and died there. Before he died he wanted us to buy the ranch back, which we did.”

3. Crested caracara, Caracara Quebrantahuesos. These common residents of Sonora are more scavengers than predators. The crested caracara has been mistakenly identified as “el Águila Mexicana” on Mexico's national emblem, but that symbol is an abstract eagle of no particular species (Russell and Monson 1998).

4. Hornaday material drawn from Desert Laboratory website <http://wwwpaztcn.wr.usgs.gov/home.html>; Fontana 1983; Hornaday and Hornaday 1979; the Daniel T. MacDougal Collection at the Arizona Historical Society, Tucson; the Library of Congress; and the New York Zoological Garden website (Archives & Manuscripts, Mertz Library, Daniel T. MacDougal Papers <http://library.nybg.org/finding_guide/archv/macdougal_ppf.html>. Hornaday left an unpublished autobiography, “Eighty Fascinating Years”; the 1938 typescript is at the Library of Congress (William Temple Hornaday Collection, Part III, Container 112), but to our disappointment chapter XVII, “Camp-Fires on the Desert,” is merely an excerpt from Camp-Fires on Desert and Lava, starting with chapter 3.

5. Coincidentally, the wildlife paintings and drawings in Leopold's Game Management were done by Allan Brooks, who had been recommended to Leopold by John M. Philips, of Camp-Fires fame (Meine 1988:298).

6. Kingsland devotes several pages to the Pinacate expedition, though we do wonder why her book's dust jacket features a photo of conservationist William T. Hornaday instead of ecologist MacDougal. She also discusses the importance of James Rodney Hastings and Raymond M. Turner's seminal book, The Changing Mile (Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1965); see Turner, Journal of the Southwest, summer 2007.

7. MacDougal material drawn from New York Botanical Garden website (see n. 4); Arizona Historical Society; Bowers 1988; Cantell and Cantell 1927; McGinnies 1981; Wilder 1967.

8. Barrel cactus. Utilizing cactus pulp is fatal to the cactus and risky for the person.

9. Morten A. Strøksnes of Norway is currently researching a biography of Lumholtz. We are eager to read it...