Le capital social collectif des Sud-Asiatiques de Montréal : De l'entre soi au mainstream

The immigrant associative networks are still not well known. This subject raises two kinds of research questions: What category of social capital they do produce and what is the articulation between the various categories of social capital generated by those networks? For example, is it possible that the social capital produced by the ethnic associations that bond immigrant groups together may allow them to establish links with other networks? We explore these questions with the analysis of the Montreal South Asian group which has contributed to the socio-demographic and cultural transformation of Montréal and is, nowadays, not a well-researched group in Québec. Our study draws on various statistical sources, including the 2001 and 2006 Canadian censuses for a socio-demographic presentation of this group in Montréal. The research on the South Asian associative network is based on the analysis of 39 interviews with community leaders of the first and second generation carried out in 2006-2007 in Montréal. For comparison, we have also conducted a few additional interviews in Vancouver and Toronto. Research findings suggest that the Montreal South Asian community has achieved good community completeness. Women play an active role in their community life. We have observed that the South Asians associations create some links with other associations and with the host society. We explore the hypothesis of a relation of transitivity between the social capital categories.