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The Creole Quakers of Early Pennsylvania

From: The Eighteenth Century
Volume 54, Number 3, Fall 2013
pp. 421-426 | 10.1353/ecy.2013.0027



A review of John Smolenski’s Friends and Strangers: The Making of a Creole Culture in Colonial Pennsylvania, a book examining the formation of a creole civic and political culture among the Quakers of early colonial Pennsylvania through the evolution of stable, yet hybrid identities based on mythic narratives of the province’s founding.