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Tonal alignment is contrastive in falling contours in Dinka: Online Supplementary Materials

The following examples, repeated from the main article, are accompanied by audio files illustrating the contrasts, produced by native speakers.

  1. 2.

    1. a. ràaan    ā-lèlinline graphic
      person DECL.SG-isolate.2SG
              'You are isolating a person.'

    2. b. ràaan    ā-lèelinline graphic
      person DECL.SG-isolate.3SG
      'He is isolating a person.'

    3. c. ràaan    ā-lèeelinline graphic
      person DECL.SG-provoke.3SG
              'He is provoking a person.'

    4. d. inline graphic āā-lèlinline graphic
      men    DECL.PL-isolate.2SG
              'You are isolating men.'

    5. e. inline graphic āā-lèelinline graphic
      men    DECL.PL-isolate.3SG
              'He is isolating men.'

    6. f. inline graphic āā-lèeelinline graphic
      men    DECL.PL-provoke.3SG
              'He is provoking men.' [End Page 299]

  1. 6.

    1. a. ràaan    ā-lèelinline graphic
      person DECL.SG-isolate.3SG
              'He is isolating a person.'

    2. b. ràaan    ā-lêelinline graphic
      person DECL.SG-provoke.PASS
              'A person is being provoked.'

  1. 7.

    1. a. ràaan    ā-lèlinline graphic
      person DECL.SG-isolate.2SG
              'You are isolating a person.'

    2. b. ràaan    ā-lêlinline graphic
      person DECL.SG-isolate.PASS
              'A person is being isolated.'

  1. 9.

    1. a. ràaan    ā-lèel                            inline graphicinline graphic
      person DECL.SG-isolate.3SG PREP-here
              'He is isolating a person here.'

    2. b. ràaan    ā-lêel                            inline graphicinline graphic
      person DECL.SG-provoke.PASS PREP-here
              'A person is being provoked here.'


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Figure 11.

Averaged f0 traces on a normalized time axis of the Fall of Bor North and the Mid of Bor South, on syllables with a short stem vowel. Separate traces by Coda type and Dialect.

Bor North, CVNinline graphic
Bor North, CVPinline graphic
Bor South, CVNinline graphic
Bor Soth, CVPinline graphic

Bert Remijsen
The University of Edinburgh