restricted access The History and Disappearance of Glaciers in Venezuela

The disappearance of glaciers is Venezuela is chronicled through an extensive compilation and discussion of the scientific literature, maps, and historical photographs. Climate data analysis and GPS mapping in 2009 and 2011 provide the modern context. 20th-century glacier recession in Venezuela is similar to elsewhere in South America and consistent with the expected impacts of regional climate change. In 2011, one glacier with an area of about 0.1 km2 remained in Venezuela and it will likely disappear within this decade. However, the lack of local glacier and climate data limits our ability to appreciate the history of glaciers in Venezuela and a comprehensive monitoring program is urgently needed before Venezuela becomes an ice-free country.