restricted access Ilustración interrumpida, independencia inacabada: Blanco White y El Español

Taking advantage of the periodical press in turn-of-the-nineteenth-century Madrid and Seville, José María Blanco y Crespo openly questioned the existing socio-political structures of Spain and critically approached the institutionalized errors of thought and action that had led to the decadence of the nation. Self-exiled after this turbulent period and the subsequent Napoleonic invasion, the renamed Joseph Blanco White continued his journalistic efforts from Great Britain in El Español (1810-1814). The present article traces the development of Blanco's critical approach to Spanish politics, expressed while living in Spain, and uncovers the enlightened platform of representative democracy and the moral-patriotic-restorative vision that the author delineated in the pages of El Español.