restricted access Trade Liberalization and Import-Demand Behavior in Bangladesh, 1974–2008

From the early 1980s onwards, Bangladesh has undertaken a series of trade-liberalization measures. In combination with the steady rise in real income over the past two-and a half decades, these measures have raised the country’s import-orientation and brought structural change in the composition of imports in favor of consumer goods and materials for consumption. This paper investigates import-demand behavior in Bangladesh within the Autoregressive-Distributed-Lag (ARDL) modeling framework using annual data for the period 1974–2008. The empirical results suggest the presence of a well-behaved import-demand function, in the senses that (1) Bangladesh’s imports are income-elastic and price-inelastic and (2) there is no evidence of instability in the Bangladesh import-demand relationship.