Improvement in Surrogate Endpoints by a Multidisciplinary Team in a Mobile Clinic Serving a Low-income, Immigrant Minority Population in South Florida


To determine effect on surrogate endpoints for cardiovascular disease (CVD), we performed a retrospective chart review of 114 patients seen by a multidisciplinary team that provided primary care services in a mobile clinic over 12 months. Eligible patients had outcomes available for at least six months. Mixed effect modeling examined variation in surrogate markers for CVD: blood pressure (BP), heart rate, and body mass index. Repeated measures ANOVA compared lipids, hemoglobin A1c, and medication use from baseline and throughout study. Most patients were female (75%), Haitian (76%), and low-income ($747/month) with average age 63 years. Common diagnoses were hypertension (82%) and hyperlipidemia (63%). Significant reduction in systolic BP, total- and LDL-cholesterol, and hemoglobin A1c were found (p<.05). Use of ACE-inhibitors, beta-blockers, diuretics, aspirin, metformin, and statins increased significantly (p<.05). Mobile clinic with a multidisciplinary team improved surrogate endpoints over 12 months in underserved, low-income, mostly foreign-born, Haitian population in U.S.