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Ermengarda of Narbonne and Beatrice of Este: A Study in Contrasts

From: Tenso
Volume 10, Number 1, Fall 1994
pp. 9-17 | 10.1353/ten.1994.0018

In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:

Ermengarda of Narbonne and Beatrice of Este:
A Study in Contrasts
Hans-Erich Keller
The Ohio State University

Notes

1. In medieval Occitan, only the meaning "protector" seems to be attested; see Guillem Molinier's Leys d'Amors (Toulouse, between 1325 and 1356): "Castels d'onor. . . / De vos lauzar me conosc trop novici, / Pero granre donatz de parc servici, / Quar de totz etz gloriosa patrona" (Levy 6: 16b) ("Castles of honor . . . to praise you I am too much a novice, but you give greater ones [gifts] for little service, because you are above all a glorious patron").

2. Bezzola (Part 3, 2:334-35) does not mention any patronage by the Viscountess.

3. Regarding Ermengarda and the troubadours, see also Nicholson, Appendix II: "Ermengarda, Viscountess of Narbonne, and her Relations with Other Troubadours" (pp. 160-64).

4. Gemmola is located at the top of one of the Euganean Hills north of Este, above Baone, to the east of Calaone, the Este court town; the convent is today converted into a private villa. Concerning Beatrice of Este's life and admiration by the contemporary troubadours see also Bergert (81-85).

5. The body of the Blessed Beatrice was transferred in 1578 to the church of St. Sophia in Padova; it has reposed since 1956 in the church of St. Tecla in Este.

6. A detailed study of Airneric's admiration for Beatrice is found in Folena (484-88).

7. Regarding Beatrice and Buvalelli, see Melli (61-73) and Folena (488-92).

8. There are still other allusions by troubadours to a Beatrice, but their attribution is difficult, see Chambers 68 s.v. Comtessa Beatritz (8); it seems impossible to identify them with the older Beatrice of Este.

Works Cited

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