Jost, Jacob Sider. “The Afterlife and the Spectator.” SEL 51.3 (2011): 604–624. Despite previous interpretations of the Spectator as a publication complicit with emerging notions of secularism, Jost argues that the publication’s “formal innovations and enormous influence” in the eighteenth century “are interventions in the theological world of late-Stuart and Hanoverian Britain,” specifically of the afterlife. He suggests that “Addison and Steele’s didactic jokes about the living dead double in a comic register their more serious accounts of the relationship between life, death, and immortality, in which an understanding of the first two is grounded in a confident belief in the third.” Jost understands this belief in the afterlife to arise in part out of “a culture-wide program of moral improvement and reform that includes an outpouring of didactic writing in the decades following the Glorious Revolution,” and that the format of the Spectator, “with its daily increments of edifying content, is, conveniently, the perfect technology for readers seeking to work out their salvation with diligence.”
See also: WAR AND POLITICS (Smith)
Alvarez, David. “Reason and Religious Tolerance: Mary Astell’s Critique of Shaftsbury.” Eighteenth-Century Studies 44.4 (2011): 475–494. Alvarez suggests that Mary Astell’s critique of Shaftesbury’s Letter Concerning Enthusiasm (1708) “rejects his vision of religious tolerance because it is insufficiently committed to the ideals of reason and rational-critical public debate.” Instead, he suggests that she insists “on the irrationality of his equation of wit and reason,” and that she emphasizes how his letter “excludes various voices and forms of reasoning.” He argues that Astell’s work “highlights the cultural facets of political liberalism’s construction of religious tolerance and reason.” [End Page 71]
See also: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (Wallwork/Salzman).
Beauchamp, Peter. “The servant extraordinary: Some Accounts of the Life of Thomas Beauchamp (1623–c1697), Clerk to the Trustees for the Sale of King Charles I’s collections.” British Art Journal 11. 1 (2010): 6–18. Peter Beauchamp offers a biographical account of Thomas Beauchamp, who built a new Hall for the Founders following the Great Fire of London. [NN]
Åström, Berit. “Referred Pain: Privileging Male Emotions in Narrative Instances of Female Physical Suffering.” Journal of Gender Studies 20.2 (2011): 125–137. Åström examines the subor-dination of female emotions in narratives including female suffering, focusing in particular on “referred pain,” or pain that is described but not shown. Utilizing “a transhistorical perspective when studying literature, as a means of revealing patterns that may otherwise go unnoticed,” Åström analyzes two early modern texts, Shakespeare’s Titus Andronicus and Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko, with two films, John Woo’s Mission: impossible 2 and Baz Luhrman’s Moulin Rouge, suggesting that one reason for the continuing popularity of privileging male emotion “can be sought in the kinship system and its exchange of women.”