Mexico City's Symbolic Geography: The Processions of Our Lady of Remedios

Among the festivals that shaped the urban experience of colonial Mexico City, those related with Our Lady of Remedios —the first patroness of the capital of New Spain—deserve special attention. This essay argues that the 57 occasions that the statue came from her shrine to the city (1577-1810) were massive social self-portraits of piety, loyalty, and policy: processions were organized for heavenly protection in times of drought, epidemics, or war, always showing the links this particular devotion had to the conquest, and thus, to the foundation of the city as a colonial entity.