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National Reputations for Drinking in Traditional Europe

From: Parergon
Volume 17, Numer 1, July 1999
pp. 163-186 | 10.1353/pgn.1999.0093

In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:

National Reputations for Drinking in Traditional Europe
A. Lynn Martin
Department of History
University of Adelaide


1. Jean-Louis Flandrin, 'Boissons et manieres de boire en Europe du XVIe au XVIIIe siècle,' in Max Milner and Martine Chatelain, eds., L'imaginaire du vin (Marseille: Editions Jeanne Laffitte, 1983), pp. 309-314. Flandrin included this material in a longer article entitled 'La diversité des gouts et des pratiques alimentaires en Europe du XVIe au XVIIIe siècle,' that appeared in Revue d'histoire moderne et contemporaine, XXX (1983), pp. 66-83. Neither article has notes. Here I shall cite the longer article because it is probably more accessible to readers.

2. Phillip Stubbes, The Anatomie of Abuses (1583) (Amsterdam: Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, 1972), pp. I.3v-I.4.

3. Martin Luther, Luther's Works, vol. 51 = Sermons, John W. Doberstein and Helmut T. Lehmann, eds. (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1959), pp. 291-293.

4. Quoted from Gregory A. Austin, Alcohol in Western Society from Antiquity to 1800: A Chronological History (Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 1985), p. 147.

5. Thomas Brennan, Public Drinking and Popular Culture in Eighteenth-Century Paris (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1988), p. 194; Roger Dion, Histoire de la vigne et du vin en France des origines aux XIXe siècle (Paris: Flammarion, 1977), pp. 488-489.

6. Quoted from Yves-Marie Bercé, History of Peasant Revolts: The Social Origins of Rebellion in Early Modern France (Cambridge: Polity Press, 1990), p. 35.

7. Quoted from Jean Delumeau, La mort des pays de cocagne: Comportement collectifs de la Renaissance à l'âge classique (Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne, 1976), p. 118.

8. Agostino Lapini's Diario fiorentino dal 252 al 1596, quoted from Ronald F. E. Weissman, Ritual Brotherhood in Renaissance Florence (New York: Academic Press, 1982), p. 203.

9. Quoted from Piero Camporesi, The Incorruptible Flesh: Bodily Mutation and Mortification in Religion and Folklore (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988), p. 138.

10. William Harrison, The Description of England [1587], Georges Edelen, ed. (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1968), p. 132.

11. Jorge J. E. Gracia, 'Rules and Regulations for Drinking Wine in Francesc Eiximenis' 'Terç del Crestià' (1384),' Traditio: Studies in Ancient and Medieval History, Thought, and Religion, XXXII (1976), p. 380-381. The size of the cups would be revealing; Einhard's biography of Charlemagne praised his moderation for drinking no more than three goblets of wine with each meal, but archaeological evidence indicates that the goblets held nearly a quart. See John Marshall Carter, Medieval Games: Sports and Recreations in Feudal Society (New York: Greenwood Press, 1992), p. 109.

12. Quoted from W. M. Rossetti, Early Italian Courtesy Books, in F. J. Furnivall, ed., Accounts of Early Italian, German, and French Books on Courtesy, Manners, and Cookery (London: Early English Text Society, 1869), p. 70.

13. H. A. Monckton, A History of English Ale and Beer (London: The Bodley Head, 1966), p. 40.

14. William Lambarde, A Perambulation of Kent, Richard Church, ed. (Bath: Adams and Dart, 1970), pp. 319-320.

15. William Lambarde, William Lambarde and Local Government: His 'Ephemeris' and Twenty-nine Charges to Juries and Commissions, Conyers Read, ed. (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1962), p. 130.

16. Quoted from E. M. Jellinek, 'The Observations of the Elizabethan Writer Thomas Nash on Drunkenness,' Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol, IV (1944), p. 468.

17. Ibid., p. 466.

18. Austin, Alcohol in Western Society, p. 210.

19. William Brenchley Rye, ed., England as Seen by Foreigners in the Days of Elizabeth and James the First (New York: Benjamin Blom, 1967, Reprint, first published at London in 1865), p. 191.

20. Orest and Patricia Ranum, eds., The Century of Louis XIV (New York, Harper and Row, 1972), p. 152. Chamberlayne also noted that 'the sin of buggery [was] brought into England by the Lombards.'

21. Martin Lister, A Journey to Paris in the Year 1698, Raymond Phineas Stearns, ed. (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1967), p. 168; J. A. van Houtte, An Economic History of the Low Countries, 800-1500 (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1977), p. 255.

22. E. M. Jellinek, 'A Document of the Reformation Period on Inebriety: Sebastian Franck's 'On the Horrible...