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Childcare, Eldercare, and Labor Force Participation of Married Women in Urban China, 1982-2000

From: Journal of Human Resources
Volume 46, Number 2, Spring 2011
pp. 261-294 | 10.1353/jhr.2011.0011

Abstract

Abstract:

We employ Chinese population census data to consider married, urban women's labor force participation decisions in the context of their families. We find that the presence in the household of a parent, parent-in-law, or person aged 75 or older increases prime-age women's likelihood of participating in market work. The presence of preschool-aged children decreases it. The negative effect on women's labor force participation of having young children in the household is substantially larger for married, rural-to-urban migrants than for their nonmigrant counterparts. Similarly, the positive effect of coresidence with elders is larger for rural-to-urban migrant women than for nonmigrants.