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7. "Clean Up" Logging Period The valley is now experiencing another work wave which began a year or so ago. After a period of inactivity (1929-35) timber men are resuming work. It is estimated that 300 million feet of timber remain to be cut, an amount which will last approximately six years, after which the lumbering equipment will be dismantled. This socalled "clean-up" period will see the finish of the richest natural resource of the valley, and will end major logging in the area for many years to come. The present influx of timbermen is somewhat unique as a work wave, since it will not add appreciably to the valley's population. The larger share of the men involved are foirner resident-* who were forced to leave during the years of depression. In many cases they had established homes prior to the logging shutdown, and are now back at their former occupations and living in their previously abandoned cottages. The Agricultural Future This paper is not primarily concerned with the growth of agriculture in the valley. As indicated in the accompanying diagram, however , farming began in the placer logging period and continued through all the migratory work periods described. It bears a definite relationship to the work migrations , since each influx of temporary workers caused (1) an increased demand for farm products, "and (2) left a residue of workers who often remained in the valley as small farmers when their particular work wave receded. With the previously dominant timber industry on the decline, the valley is now facing a change in its economic background. A definite transition from lumbering to farming is now under way; environmental conditions favor dairying as the leading type of adjustment in the future. An Unsolved Phase of the Tacna-Arica Problem UlOOR(IE MeCUTCIIEN MeBKIDE University of California at Los Angeles , The Tacna-Arica problem for forty years kept Chile and Peru at sword's points. It threatened the peace of neighboring countries as well, and even endangered the friendly relations of all South America , since each one of the disputants persistently attempted to align its neighbors in its cause. To the relief of the continent (and. it may be said, of the world at large, inasmuch as both the United States and the League of Nations had unsuccessfully attempted to intervene with their friendly mediation ) the question was finally settled by a treaty between the two nations in 1929. By this treaty, it will be remembered, the two countries agreed to divide the disputed provinces, Chile turning back to Peru the captive province of Tacna, and Peru, in turn yielding all claim to the province of Arica. It seemed that this had settled the long-standing controversy. One aspect of it, however, still remains unsolved. Bolivia, equally with Peru a losing contender in the nitrate war of 1879-1883, had repeat- (Kl) edly attempted to obtain recognition as an interested participant. Her efforts, however, were without avail, since she had formally alienated her coastal province to Chile, had accepted financial compensation for the surrender of her rights, and had spent the money which she received in recompense for that surrender. When the final division of territory took place, Bolivia was denied all share in the negotiations and was completely left out of the settlement. The unsolved aspect of the Tacna-Arica problem lies in this failure to recognize Bolivia-s interests. In the Sala de Honor, or main auditorium of the old University of San Andre's at La Paz, there is a large painting that occupies most of the space on one side of the hall. This picture is before the eyes of every youth who studies in the University. It portrays (on the upper part of the canvas) a country of high mountain ranges and snow-covered peaks with a city and a populous rural district lying about the foot of the mountains. Below this scene stretches a broad band of clouds, and, in the lower half of the picture a bare, rocky coast occupies the entire space. Upon one of the rocks at the water 's edge sits an Indian girl in typical Andean costume, supporting a large tri...

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Additional Information

ISSN
1551-3211
Print ISSN
0066-9628
Pages
pp. 10-14
Launched on MUSE
2014-10-01
Open Access
No
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