Abstract

En este trabajo se revisan los principales factores que permiten explicar la emergencia del movimiento piquetero argentino en una de las regiones donde se manifestó más tempranamente: las localidades salteñas de Tartagal y Mosconi. A diferencia de lo que se ha venido afirmando, la idea de la existencia de un estado de bienestar antes de las contrarreformas neoliberales de la década de 1990, y la caracterización del movimiento piquetero, las rebeliones populares (puebladas) y las asambleas populares de la zona como nuevas formas de organización y protesta vinculadas al efecto de las contrarreformas, resultan inadecuados. Con respecto a la primera, se mostrará que nunca existió en la zona algo parecido a un estado de bienestar; sobre la segunda, que existían experiencias de lucha previas dentro de las que el corte de ruta y la Asamblea Popular ya habían sido implementadas, y que esas experiencias nutrieron los acontecimientos posteriores.

Abstract

This article reviews the principal factors that explain the emergence of the Argentine piquetero movement in one of the regions where it first appeared: the Salta towns of Tertagal and Mosconi. Despite what has previously been asserted, the idea of the existence of a welfare state before the neoliberal counterreforms of the 1990s, as well as the characterization of the region's piquetero movement, its people, and its asambleas populares in the region as "new" forms of organization and protest linked to the counterreforms' effect is inadequate. With respect to the former, this article shows that nothing like a welfare state existed in the area; as for the latter, it shows that there were previous instances of struggle between the roadblocks and the asamblea popular, which had already been established, and that those instances nurtured the subsequent events.

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Additional Information

ISSN
1542-4278
Print ISSN
0023-8791
Pages
pp. 79-103
Launched on MUSE
2011-07-14
Open Access
No
Archive Status
Archived
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