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366BOOK REVIEWS new elections returned a conservative majority to the Cortes, which now became dependent on the votes of the Catholic CEDA, the Patronato had nationalized some 141 million pesetas worth of Jesuit property, about two-thirds of what the author estimates totalJesuit property to have been worth at the time. The CEDA-Radical governments of 1933-1935 put a halt to the confiscations, and the Patronato devoted most of its time after 1933 returning property to the associations and straw men; a 1934 decree limited the confiscations to property actuaUy held by the Jesuits, and it ended the legal existence of the Patronato , turning over its activities to the Treasury Ministry. The anticlerical press was outraged, but the returns continued until the Popular Front government was elected in February, 1936. The new anticlerical government ordered the confiscations to continue unabated, but before much action could be taken, the war broke out inJuly, 1936. This is a fine study, replete with weU-documented examples from the dUferent Jesuit provinces. On balance, the author says that the confiscations did not achieve their desired end: very few chUdren benefited from the transformed Jesuit schools; only in Barcelona did the municipality put the schools to good use. In the end the chief result of the action against the Jesuits was to contribute to turning Catholics against the RepubUc. José M. Sanchez Saint Louis University Julius Kardinal Döpfner: 26. August 1913 bis 24.JuIi 1976. Edited by Klaus Wittstadt. [Würzburger Diözesangeschichtsblätter, Band 58.] (Würzburg: Bistum Würzburg. 1996. Pp. 234.) By any Standards, CardinalJulius Döpfner was one ofthe most prominent and influential leaders of the Catholic Church in postwar Germany. Born in 1913 Ui the Franconian village of Hausen, he studied phUosophy and theology in Würzburg and Rome, where he was ordained to the priesthood for his native diocese ofWürzburg in 1939 and obtained a doctorate from the Gregorian University in 1941 with a dissertation on the relationship of nature and grace according to John Henry Newman. After brief service in two parishes and on the staff of the diocesan seminaries, he was appointed Bishop of Würzburg, not yet thirty-five years old, Ui 1948. In later years, he became Bishop of Berlin (1957-1961), Cardinal (1958), and Archbishop of Munich-Freising (19611976 ). Döpfner also served as one ofthe four moderators of the Second Vatican Council from 1963 to 1965, as President of the West German Bishops' Conference from 1965 untU his death in 1976, and as President of the Joint Synod of the West German Dioceses from 1972 to 1975. His efforts in the latter two capacities made him the chief spokesman for the Catholic Church in Germany in the tumultuous decade immediately foUowing the Second Vatican Council. BOOK REVIEWS367 The work under review, edited by Klaus Wittstadt of the University ofWürzburg and pubUshed to commemorate the twentieth anniversary of Döpfner's death, contains five disparate pieces of widely varying length and importance. In an opening section (pp. 9-100),Antonia Leugers edits forty-seven previously unpublished letters which Döpfner wrote between 1932 and 1944 to his close friend and former fellow student Georg Angermaier; Angermaier's letters to Döpfner have not been preserved, and most passages referring to the famUies of Döpfner and Angermaier have been deleted. Written chiefly from Italy, Döpfner's candid letters reflect notable seU-perception, maturing spirituality, and frequently critical assessment of the strengths and limitations of educational methods at the Gregorian University and the German CoUege. Interest in theological and religious matters, especially those concerning the place of individuals within the Church, is evident throughout. Noteworthy in view ofrecent theological discussions are Döpfner's comment that "our image of God has surely become too masculine" (p. 59) and his support of balanced use of feminine analogies for God (pp. 58-59). Perusal of this correspondence sheds considerable light on Döpfner's personal and theological development in a formative period of his Ufe. In the foUowing section (pp. 101-125), misleadingly entitled "BischofJuUus Döpfner und die Diözese Würzburg," the editor provides an occasionaUy hagiographical overview of D...


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