restricted access Gerald Murphy and Ernest Hemingway: Part II
In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:

GERALD MURPHY AND ERNEST HEMINGWAY: PART II Linda Patterson Miller* The first year of Ernest Hemingway's relationship with Gerald Murphy culminated when Hemingway separated from Hadley in late 1926, a separation and then divorce which Hemingway later regretted. He also came to regret his relationship with Murphy, primarily because he directly associated Murphy with his break with Hadley. Murphy's letters to Hemingway that fall had urged Hemingway to "act cleanly and sharply" in upholding his separation from Hadley, and these letters show themselves as complicating factors in Hemingway's skepticism about Murphy, which took hold by late 1927 and which radically altered the relationship thereafter. Before this skepticism had surfaced, however, Hemingway still felt grateful to Murphy for both physical and psychological support. He waited out the days of his separation in Murphy's Paris studio and wrote the Murphys, who had sailed for America in late 1926, to tell them that he was "very comfortable" in Gerald's studio but "about as happy as the average empty tomato can." "When do you come back?" he wanted to know. "I love you both very much and like to think about you and will be shall we say pleased to see you."1 As it turned out, Hemingway did not see the Murphys again for well over six months, after they had returned to France, and after the quiet May wedding of Ernest and Pauline. The Murphys had remained in America that fall primarily because of family concerns, but they were tired of their stay by February, 1927, at which time they wrote Hemingway that they found "everyone in America . . . discontented, unhappy or complaining."2 By the time they got back to Paris in early March, Hemingway had left on an Italian jaunt with Guy Hitchcock, and the Murphys left shortly thereafter for a trip to Germany. From Berlin, Murphy wrote Hemingway to inform him that the studio had to be vacated by May 1. Gerald's new interest in film as an art medium had been reinforced during his several months' stay in New York, and this no doubt prompted him to offer Fernand *Linda Patterson Miller is an Assistant Professor of English at Pennsylvania State University, Ogontz. She has published articles in The Journal of Modern Literature, Renascence, The American Transcendental Quarterly, and elsewhere. She has recently edited the correspondence of Gerald and Sara Murphy and is currently at work on a biography of Gerald Murphy. The first part of this article appeared in SAF, 12 (1984), 129-44. 2 Linda Patterson Miller Léger his studio for use as a film workroom. "I won't be able to let you leave anything there unfortunately," Gerald told Ernest, "as the place [is] going to be torn to pieces for 'installation.'"3 Hemingway may have been taken aback by the apparent suddenness of Murphy's announcement , perhaps even interpreting this notice as a token of Gerald's emotional abandonment of Hemingway in light of more practical needs at the time. This seems unlikely, however, for Hemingway still seemed grateful for the Murphy's friendship during a difficult time. As he told Fitzgerald in a letter of March 31, 1927: "Had a card from Gerald from Berlin giving me conge on his studio where I've been living for May 1st. Someone else is going to use it for something else. It was swell of them to let me use it and a hell of a lot better than under, say, the bridges. They have been swell. Also Mac Leishes."4 By June, the Murphys were well settled into life at Villa America, although they made periodic trips into Paris, where Hemingway was living in a newly rented apartment with his bride of just a few weeks. Murphy had hoped to see Hemingway in May during one of these visits, but Ernest and Pauline were still honeymooning on the Grace du Roi when Gerald's May 22 letter reached Paris. Dear Ernest: — Sara and I are getting to Paris Wednesday am. If you are about and this reaches you and the sun doesn't get in your eyes, come around to the quai. We shall be very much alone...