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Faith Without Religion, Religion Without Faith: Kant and Hegel on Religion

From: Journal of the History of Philosophy
Volume 41, Number 3, July 2003
pp. 365-383 | 10.1353/hph.2003.0028

Abstract

The World, understood as a system of meaningful relations, is for Hegel the exclusive product of the human mind. In this, Hegel stands together with Kant in direct opposition to the Christian metaphysical tradition, according to which reality reflects God's ideas. For both Kant and Hegel, faith and religion therefore acquire new meaning. Yet, that meaning is just as different for each with respect to the other as it is for both with respect to the Christian tradition. This paper explores these differences, taking Kant's and Hegel's differing attitudes towards evil as the litmus test for differentiating their respective idealism.