John Shelton Reed is William Rand Kenan Jr. Professor of Sociology and director of the Institute for Research in Social Science at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Among his recent books is 1001 Things Everyone Should Know About the South, written with Dale Volberg Reed. He is coeditor of Southern Cultures.
3. George Brown Tindall, "The Ethnic Southerners," in The Ethnic Southerners (Louisiana State University Press, 1976), 8; James Paul Allen and Eugene James Turner, We the People: An Atlas of America's Ethnic Diversity (Macmillan, 1988), 41.
10. This story is repeated in Jean Patterson Bible, Melungeons Yesterday and Today (Jefferson City [?], Tennessee: privately printed, 1975), 105; see also James R. Aswell et al., God Bless the Devil!: Liars' Bench Tales, rev. ed. (University of Tennessee Press, 1985), 211-12.
17. William S. Pollitzer and William H. Brown, "Survey of Demography, Anthropometry, and Genetics in the Melungeons of Tennessee: An Isolate of Hybrid Origin in Process of Dissolution," Human Biology 41 (1969): 388-400.
19. Virginia Easley DeMarce, "Looking at Legends—Lumbee and Melungeon: Applied Genealogy and the Origins of Tri-racial Isolate Settlements," National Genealogical Society Quarterly 81 (March 1993): 24-45. See also Virginia Easley DeMarce, "'Verry Slitly Mixt': Tri-racial Isolate Families of the Upper South—A Genealogical Study," National Genealogical Society Quarterly 80 (March 1992): 5-35.
29. Since the publication of Kennedy's book (now available in a second, expanded edition) there has been an astonishing proliferation of "Melungia" and related activities ranging from reunions and cookbooks to Melungeon heritage tours of Turkey. For the latest catalog, see www.clinch.edu/appalachia/melungeon, the Melungeon website.