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Some Friends and Indians
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Some Friends and Indians


1. D. G. Brinton, "The Lenape and their Legends."

2. The Piankashaws had been driven West. Three chiefs of this tribe ceded land in the Treaty of Grenville, 1795. See "A Mission to the Indians," Martha E. Tyson, Philadelphia, 1862.

3. This Abiah Parke was probably from Chester County, Pennsylvania. "He took sides with the British, and for one of his exploits led a party of the enemy by night to capture his uncle, Colonel Hannum, at Marshallton," left the parts, "and went to Canada, and never afterwards was heard of alive." Afterward is said to have married a Shawnese woman and left two sons. Futhey and Cope, "Hist. Chester County," p. 118, N.

4. The women of Gnadenhutten made for sale mats, brooms, and baskets, the men canoes. Deer sold for $4 or $5 each. They likewise took quantities of honey from the wild bees of "the bush," and each family made from one hundred to two hundred pounds of maple sugar. One mention is made of their trading for flour at the rate of one pound of sugar for one pound of flour; but usually traders take sugar and sell at three shillings a pound.

5. William Savery (1750-1804) was an eminent minister of Philadelphia. He was the one whose sermon at Norwich, England, 2d mo. 4, 1798, made such a lasting impression on the young Elizabeth Gurney, afterwards Elizabeth Fry.

6. 1793. Information was received by the Friends of Philadelphia that a treaty was likely to be held at Sandusky, and that the Indians requested that they be present, and that they also "send to the children of Onas [William Penn] three strings of white wampum as a token of their friendship." The consent of their Monthly Meetings and the approbation of President Washington being obtained, the above-named Friends were appointed, taking with them an Epistle to the Indians from the Meeting for Sufferings of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting. See also "Life and Times of David Zeisberger," Phila., 1871, p. 634.

7. E. De Schweinitz, "Life and Times of David Zeisberger," Philadelphia, 1871.

8. Janney, "Hist, of Friends," vol. iv, 150; Journal of Wm. Savery, pp. 88, 89, Phila. ed.

9. O. Turner, "Hist, of the Holland Purchase," 1849.