The purpose of this study was to add to the sparse knowledge about literacy environments and practices in children's residences at schools for the deaf by conducting a nationwide survey. Twenty-six residential schools for the deaf throughout the country responded by mail. Results revealed that all of the responding schools made reading and writing materials available to children in their residences. Counselors read to children individually and supervised homework, and children wrote letters and read independently. However in half of the residences, materials were not regularly rotated and in most residences time was not set aside for group storybook reading. Implications for practice include focusing on providing interesting and stimulating literacy materials for children, rotating materials regularly, and planning group literacy-related events such as storybook reading or storytelling.