Racial Variations in Care and Outcomes for Inpatient HIV-Related Pneumocystis Pneumonia


Racial disparities in HIV-care include the disproportionate impact of HIV/AIDS on African Americans. We conducted a retrospective review of 1,855 cases at 78 hospitals in nine cities to evaluate racial variations in inpatient care for AIDS-related Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) shortly after the introduction of highly active anti-retroviral therapies. While inpatient HIV-related PCP mortality was comparable between Whites and Hispanics (p=0.94), African Americans were less likely than Whites to die in-hospital (AOR 0.69, 95% CI 0.48, 0.99) and more likely to receive timely anti-PCP medications (AOR 1.67, 95% CI 1.21, 2.30) and timely corticosteroids (AOR 1.46, 95% CI 1.17, 1.82). Findings were compared with those from our study involving 1,547 patients at 82 hospitals in five cities over the first decade of the AIDS epidemic. In contrast to the first study, in the second decade African Americans were more likely to receive timely and appropriate therapy for HIV-related PCP, and resultantly were more likely to survive the hospitalization.