The Chronicle of the Czechs, by Cosmas of Prague
The Chronicle of the Czechs written by Cosmas, the dean of the Prague chapter (died 1125), is the first state-national chronicle and the oldest historical work in the Czech Lands in general. Its author described the mythical origin and the history of the Czech people up to the end of the first quarter of the twelfth century. It belongs to the same category of historical works as the chronicles by Gregory of Tours, the Venerable Bede, Paulus Diaconus, or Widukind of Corvey. This chronicle has been known—in addition to the Latin original—in modern Czech, German, Russian, and Polish translations. Now, Lisa Wolverton presented this work to the English speaking readers. In doing this, she could exploit her rich knowledge and experience acquired during her work on the monograph about the history of the medieval Czech Lands, Hasting toward Prague: Power and Society in the Medieval Czech Lands (Philadelphia, 2001), where the Cosmas Chronicle was one of her main sources and where she made the acquaintance of the Czech history of the period concerned.
In the introduction Wolverton informs readers about the author and his work and introduces them to Cosmas's world. There she uses her good knowledge of the professional literature and her own research results. Further, she describes Cosmas's style, introduces readers to the problems of the translation, and pays attention to the difficulties of the medieval Latin text and its translation into the modern vernacular language (such as the details of Cosmas's language and interpretation of his terminology; the title of the chronicle). [End Page 108]
The translation adequately expresses the content and style of Cosmas's chronicle, as well as the characteristics of the period and milieu. (It was not possible to convey Cosmas's rhymed prose in the translation.) Wolverton translates the proper names according to the ethnicity of persons. The place names should be given according to modern usage (see p. 23), which are inconsistent. For example, for Zbečno Wolverton created the nonexistent—and for Czechs unpronounceable—name Ztibečná, and the Saxon Dohna is translated by the Czech name Donín. Readers might be unable to locate the mentioned places and other geographical items. The adjoining map might provide some help, but it lacks a commentary (e.g., Mt. Osek in the central Vltava river region, which has not been pinpointed to date, needs some explication).
The notes refer to the words and phrases borrowed from ancient authorities; to Cosmas's wordplay, which generally cannot be translated into modern languages; to his mistakes; and to the interpretation of some terms.
For a better understanding of the chronicle and its context, the book supplies maps; a genealogy of the Czech ruler dynasty, the Přemyslids; a list of the Přemyslid dukes and kings (which unfortunately, because of its scope,does not encompass the eleventh-century Polish rulers Wladiwoy and Boleslaw Chrobry); lists of the bishops of Prague and Olomouc; a list of works cited in the notes; and an index.