- Book Notes
J. Worth Estes. The Medical Skills of Ancient Egypt. Revised edition. Canton, Mass.: Science History Publications/USA, 1993. xv + 198 pp. Ill. $10.95 (paperbound).
Vern Bullough, the Bulletin’s reviewer of this book’s first edition (published in 1989), praised its thoroughness, documentation, and accessibility to both the non-Egyptologist and the nonmedical-specialist. The most important features of this new version, according to the author, are the updated endnotes and the amplified glossary of Egyptian drugs.
Mirko D. Grmek, ed. Storia del pensiero medico occidentale. 1. Antichità e medioevo. Storia e società. Rome: Editori Laterza, 1993. xxxii + 574 pp. No price given.
This volume comprises the following chapters: “Introduzione,” by Mirko D. Grmek; “La nascita dell’arte medica occidentale,” by Jacques Jouanna; “Tra il sapere e la pratica: La medicine ellenistica,” by Mario Vegetti; “Le vie della conoscenza: La medicinanel mondo romano,” by Danielle Gourevitch; “La ricezione e la tradizione: La medicina nel mondo bizantino e arabo,” by Gotthard Strohmaier; “Carità e assistenza nella civiltà cristiana medievale,” by Jole Agrimi and Chiara Crisciani; “La scolastica medica,” by Danielle Jacquart; “Il concetto di malattia,” by Mirko D. Grmek; “Strategie terapeutiche: I farmaci,” by Alain Touwaide; “Strategie terapeutiche: La chirurgia,” by Michael McVaugh; “Le regole della salute,” by Pedro Gil Sotres; and “Le malattie in Europa: Equilibri e rotture della patocenosi,” by Jean-Noël Biraben.
The Italian translations are credited to five translators: Marina Astrologo, Chiara Basso, Manuela Mantegazza, Claudio Milanesi, and Anna Maria Senatore.
Fernando Lopez-Rios Fernandez. Historia médica de las navegaciones colombinas (1492–1504). Acta historico-médica vallisoletana, no. 41. Valladolid, Spain: Universidad de Valladolid, 1993. 174 pp. Ill. Ptas. 1,400.00 (paperbound).
Written in conjunction with the Quincentennial of Christopher Columbus’s discovery of America, this book traces the health and disease of his sailors from the first voyage in 1492 through the fourth and final expedition in 1502. Chapters discuss life aboard ship; food on the voyages; sailors’ illnesses during the ocean crossings; diseases in America; the practices of physicians and dispensers of botanical preparations; and sanitary practices of the time and place.
Adelola Adeloye. Doctor James Africanus Beale Horton: West African Medical Scientist of the Nineteenth Century. Pittsburgh, Penn.: Dorrance, 1992. ix + 59 pp. Ill. $8.95, £4.95 (paperbound).
This biography eschews the usual “Early Years,” “Middle Years,” “Later Years” approach. Instead, the author follows a brief biographical sketch with discussions [End Page 168] of Horton’s work. Chapters entitled “His Achievements and Contributions,” “Immediate Results of Horton’s Achievements,” and “Influence of Horton’s Achievements on the Medical Thinking of Today” are followed by an appendix (Horton’s “Treatise on Tropical Diseases”) and references to both primary and secondary sources.
Marion G. McGuinn, ed. The Reynolds Historical Lectures, 1980–1991: Twelve Years of Contributions to the History of Medicine at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. Publications of the Reynolds Historical Library, no. 6. Birmingham: University of Alabama, 1993. xv + 353 pp. Ill. (Available from the Lister Hill Library of the Health Sciences, 1700 University Boulevard, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294-0013.)
This book contains edited transcriptions of the sound recordings of the first twelve annual Reynolds Historical Lectures. In addition to the lecture itself, each chapter contains welcoming, introductory, and concluding remarks, along with questions and comments from the audience. Speakers and the titles of their lectures are (in chronological order) Joseph F. Volker, “Medicine and Dentistry in the Colonies”; Bengt E. Gustafsson, “Nomination and Selection Procedures for the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine”; John Dewhurst, “‘Royal Confinements’: An Obstetrical History of the British Monarchy”; Howard L. Holley, “Highlights in the History of Medicine in Alabama”; Joachim S. Gravenstein, “Perspectives on Old Words and the History of Anesthesia”; John W. Kirklin, “Lessons from the History of the Mayo Clinic”; Charles A. Berry, “The Space Program and Medicine”; Robert J. T. Joy, “Dominique Jean Larrey: Surgeon to Napoleon’s Guard”; Roger Guillemin, “The Historical Description of Acromegaly One Hundred Years Ago: The Life and Times of Pierre Marie”; Victor A. McKusick, “A Perspective on William Osler”; Michael E. DeBakey, “The Development of Cardiovascular Surgery”; and Donald S. Fredrickson, “Camelot-in-Bethesda: The...