restricted access Ernst Lubitsch and EFA

In 1920 and 1921 Paramount began its attempt to conquer the German market by founding a company in Germany parallel to UFA, called EFA. It was a crucial moment in German film history, ending in the departure of Pola Negri and Ernst Lubitsch for Hollywood. This article reconstructs the complex developments surrounding EFA in the U.S. and in Germany. It portrays an ambitious Lubitsch, advancing his career at the expense of his mentor Paul Davidson, who was left behind as “collateral damage”.