Tensions emerged over wildlife conservation in Quebec during the latter half of the nineteenth century. These are exemplified by the case of Henri Ladouceur, a poacher in the Beauce region of Quebec's Eastern Townships, who enjoyed province-wide notoriety during a two-year manhunt leading to his imprisonment in December 1897. This study uses state documents, associational records, newspaper reports, and comparisons with the Eastern Townships' "Megantic Outlaw" of the 1880s to view poaching as an expression of social and environmental banditry and to examine divergent claims regarding men's entitlement to hunt based on class, ethnicity, gender, and territory. In addition to its implications for wildlife conservation, resource regulation, and social order, the Ladouceur case became part of a broader narrative regarding rural resistance to the law, the state, and private forms of power.


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