- "Good for one but not the other": The "Sandeman System" of Pacification as Applied to Baluchistan and the North-West Frontier, 1877-1947
- The Journal of Military History
- Society for Military History
- Volume 73, Number 3, July 2009
- pp. 767-802
- View Citation
- Additional Information
This article examines the long-running debate over the application of the "Sandeman System" of pacification to the North-West Frontier of British India in 1877-1947. Colonel Sir Robert Sandeman’s innovative doctrine of tribal administration had enabled the peaceful spread of British influence across Baluchistan during the late nineteenth century, yet the Government of India subsequently declared his methods inapplicable to the neighboring and perennially turbulent North-West Frontier. This essay seeks to provide a fuller understanding of the reasoning behind the policymakers’ opposition to Sandeman’s techniques and thus provide clarification of a debate that bedeviled British Frontier policy for over six decades.