- The Three Sam Spades: The Shifting Model of American Masculinity in the Three Films of The Maltese Falcon
- Philippa Gates
Before he was a man's man in the 1940s, Spade (Ricardo Cortez) was a ladies' man in Del Ruth's 1931 The Maltese Falcon (aka Dangerous Female). Ruth Wonderly (Bebe Daniels) spends the night in Spade's apartment. Courtesy of Photofest.