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BOOK REVIEWS 6~ 7 eliminate the many rules of the syllogism, and based on the "comprehension" and "extension" (comprehensionand ~tendue)of Cartesian ideas, functions in evaluating arguments . The distinction between the comprehension and extension of terms triggers a slew of insights into issues of referentiality that are still debated. The French text requires approximately 400 words; Buroker's translation contains around 420, while Dickoff and James's, which turned the three paragraphs into one, contains about 200. Still, and much to her credit, Buroker's literalness is not carried out at the expense of literariness; her prose is crisp, lively, and fluid. Such balance is indeed remarkable. I only wish that Professor Buroker had applied the same degree of literal rigor to her translation of the Latin quotations as she did to the translation of the French text; some translations are too free (5 l, lo 5, 169) and cannot be used to recognize the point argued for by the authors. Also, the attempt to be consistent with key terms is not always successful; some key terms, such as enfermer, renfermer, contenir, comprendre,which are borrowed from geometry and are meant to express various manners of containment , are not used in The Logic with the same rigor as they are used in the writings on geometry that Arnauld and Nicole authored. That logic emulates but does not quite parallel the rigor of geometry is significant and should be brought to the attention of the English-speaking reader. Buroker's indiscriminate alternation between 'include' and 'contain' to stand for the four words does not convey the lack of parallelism. Professor Buroker's translation repeats some of the trivial mistranslations of her predecessors. For example, and to name but two of the most conspicuous, the third meaning of canon is not "a kind of regulation" (39) but an article of clothing used to separate breeches from stockings; the charge of a human being is not his or her "burden " (42), as it is in the case of beasts, but his or her profession? There is a short informative introduction that explains the various doctrinal disputes that divided Jansenist (Port-Royal group), Jesuit, and Protestant and which provided fodder for the semantic and logical analyses. The introduction also seeks to find a place for Logic or the Art of Thinking in the context of the history of logic. BERNARD ROY Baruch College, CUNY Anne Conway. The Principles of theMost Ancient and Modern Philosophy. Edited by Allison P. Coudert and Taylor Corse. Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996. Pp. xxxix + 73- Cloth, $49.95. Paper, $17.95. Anne Conway was a seventeenth-century vitalist, influenced by Cambridge Platonism, Kabbalism, and Neo-Platonism, and critical of Descartes, Hobbes, More, and Spinoza. The Principles was translated from English into Latin and published posthumously in Unrelated to Professor Buroker's work, there are two important typographical errors: on page x48, rule a should read "The major premise..." instead of "The minor premise..."; and the last paragraph of a section tided, "Fifth Axiom," (a33) is missing. 628 JOURNAL OF THE HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY 35:4 OCTOBER 199 7 1690. Two years later--the original having been lost--the work was retranslated into English. Prior to this edition, only one edition of Conway's work had been in print. ~That edition includes the Latin translation and the original English retranslation, plus an introduction that focuses on the relevance of Conway's work for contemporary discussions of essentialism. The current work provides a new retranslation into English and an introduction that, commendably, treats Conway's work on its own terms and in the context of its times, and closes with a brief chronology of Conway's life and a useful bibliography. The introduction begins with a biographical sketch describing Conway's education, family, and friends. It also describes her poor health and severe headaches, and suggests a link between the headaches and her philosophical views on pain and suffering: Acutely aware of the effect on the mind of bodily suffering, Conway found Cartesian dualism dubious to the extent that she found its account of mind-body interaction unsatisfying, a position apparently shared by...


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