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Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History 8.2 (2007) 389-408

The Venerated Image among the Faithful
Icons for Historians
Cherie Woodworth


Kira Vladimirovna Tsekhanskaia, Ikonopochitanie v russkoi traditsionnoi kul´ture [The Veneration of Icons in Russian Traditional Culture]. 255 pp. Moscow: Rossiiskaia akademiia nauk, Institut etnologii i antropologii, 2004. ISBN 5201137504.

Art History

Engelina Sergeevna Smirnova, Ikony Severo-Vostochnoi Rusi: Seredina XIII–seredina XIV veka. Rostov, Vladimir, Kostroma, Murom, Riazan´, Vologodskii krai, Dvina [Icons of Northeastern Rus´ from the mid-13th to the mid-14th Centuries: Rostov, Vladimir, Kostroma, Murom, Riazan´, and the Vologda and Dvina Regions]. 508 pp. Moscow: Severnyi palomnik, 2004. ISBN 5944311258. (= Tsentry khudozhestvennoi kul´tury srednevekovoi Rusi [Centers of Artistic Culture of Medieval Rus´], vol. 6. Moscow: Rossiiskaia akademiia nauk, Gosudarstvennyi institut iskusstvoznaniia Ministerstva kul´tury Rossiiskoi federatsii).1

Cultural History/Interpretive Works

Ivan Bentchev, Ikony angelov: Obrazy nebesnykh poslannikov [Icons of Angels: Images of Heavenly Messengers]. 254 pages. Moscow: Inter-biznes, 2005. [End Page 389] ISBN 5891641550. (Orig. pub. as Engelikonen: Machtvolle Bilder himmlischer Boten. Freiberg: Herder, 1999.)
Oleg Tarasov, Icon and Devotion: Sacred Spaces in Imperial Russia, trans. and ed. Robin Milner-Gulland. 416 pp. London: Reaktion Books, 2002. ISBN 1861891180. (Orig. pub. as Ikona i blagochestie: Ocherki ikonnogo dela v imperatorskoi Rossii [Icon and Devotion: Notes on Icon Work in Imperial Russia]. xvii + 493 pp. Moscow: Progres-Kul´tura, 1995. ISBN 5010044595.)

History, Archeology, and Source Criticism

Artemii Vladimirovich Artsikhovskii, Drevnerusskie miniatiury kak istoricheskii istochnik [Old Russian Miniatures as a Historical Source]. 349 pp. Tomsk and Moscow: Volodei, 2004. ISBN 590231237X. (Orig. pub. Moscow: Izdatel´stvo Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 1944).

Reproductions with Commentary

Drevnerusskaia zhivopis´ v muzeiakh Rossii [Old Russian Painting in the Museums of Russia] (2002–), series under the general editorship of Levon Vazgenovich Nersesian and S. V. Obukh, six volumes published to date:
Ikony Iaroslavlia 13–16 vekov [Icons of Iaroslavl´, 13th–16th centuries], ed. L. V. Nersesian. 223 pp. Moscow: Severnyi palomnik, 2002. ISBN 55944310596.2
Ikony Kirillo-Belozerskogo muzeia-zapovednika [Icons of the Museum-Preserve at Kirillo-Belozersk], ed. Liudmilla Leonidovna Petrova et al. 319 pp. Moscow: Severnyi palomnik, 2003. ISBN 5944310979.
Ikony Muroma [Icons of Murom], ed. Tat´iana Borisovna Kupriashina, O. A. Sukhova, et al. 383 pp. Moscow: Severnyi palomnik, 2004. ISBN 5944311495.
Ikony Pskova [Icons of Pskov], ed. Ol´ga Anatol´evna Vasil´eva and I. I. Lagunin. 279 pp. Moscow: Severnyi palomnik, 2003. ISBN 5944310987; 2nd rev. and enl. ed., 2006. 512 pp. ISBN 5944311851.
Ikony Rostova Velikogo [Icons of Rostov the Great], ed. Vera Ivanovna Vakhrina. 415 pp. Moscow: Severnyi palomnik, 2003. ISBN 5944310677. [End Page 390]
Ikony Vladimira i Suzdalia [Icons of Vladimir and Suzdal´], ed. M. A. Bykova. 576 pp. Moscow: Severnyi palomnik, 2006. ISBN 5944311274.
Ikony stroganovskikh votchin XVI–XVII vekov [Icons of the Votchina Lands of the Stroganov Family in the 16th–17th Centuries], ed. Mariia Sergeevna Trubacheva. 439 pp. Moscow: Skanrus, 2003. ISBN 5932210370.
Svod russkoi ikonopisi [Corpus of Russian Icon-Painting] (2004–), series, two volumes published to date:
Ikony Uglicha XIV–XIX vekov [Icons of Uglich, 14th–19th Centuries], ed. Anatolii Nikolaevich Gorstka. 205 pp. Moscow: Grand-kholding, 2006. ISBN 572350312X.
Kostromskaia ikona XIII–XIX vekov [Kostroma Icons of the 13th–19th Centuries], ed. Nataliia Ignat´evna Komashko, Svetlana Katkova, et al. 672 pp. Moscow: Grand-kholding, 2004. ISBN 5935620200.

In 1918, the city of Iaroslavl´ became the center of an anti-Bolshevik uprising. In their subsequent retaliation, the Reds subjected Iaroslavl´ to concentrated bombardment, targeting in particular the city's many old churches and monasteries. The walls and roofs of the churches were heavily damaged; and the churches' icons were left open to the elements, becoming nesting-places for pigeons and gulls. Restorers tried, during the following decade, to preserve some of the icons, but as a result of Stalin's increasingly virulent campaign to stamp out religion, by 1930 the icons (some predating the Mongol invasion) were cleared from the churches altogether (Ikony Iaroslavlia 13–16 vekov, 5).

The icons were summarily judged...


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