Acknowledging the Fiftieth Anniversary of John Dewey’s DeathAn Homage from Romania
In 2000, the Romanian journal Paideia published a series of essays to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of the death of John Dewey. Three articles—by Peter Hlebowitsh, then the editor of Education and Culture; Daniel Tanner, then the president of the John Dewey Society; and William Schubert, past president of the JDS—were prepared and translated into Romanian for publication. Paideia editor Nicolae Sacalis has contributed an article describing Dewey’s influence in Romania. In “The Writings of John Dewey in Romania: Policy and Pedagogy,” Sacalis describes the interest in pragmatism of the Romanian intellectuals of the 1920s and 1930s and how Dewey’s writings became important to the government’s education leaders and school practitioners. Dewey’s popularity was so great that a comprehensive overview of his work was published to honor and acknowledge his eightieth birthday. The writings of Dewey were silenced thereafter but not forgotten. His works reappeared in the 1970s for a new generation of Romanian educators, and since the 1989 revolution, his writings have received even greater popularity, leading to the commemoration of his death by Paideia.
In 2000, I was contacted by Nicolae Sacalis, editor of Paideia, who wished to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of the death of John Dewey with a series of essays in a forthcoming issue of his Romanian education journal. I recommended to Professor Sacalis that the leaders of the John Dewey Society could be invited to contribute to Paideia, and their essays would offer a fitting introduction and expansion of Dewey's writings from an American perspective. Three essays were prepared and translated into Romanian for publication. This issue of Paideia was well-received [End Page 68] by Sacalis's readership, and during subsequent conversations William Schubert suggested that JDS members might be interested in reading the original three essays. Also, Schubert maintained, many JDS members would not have necessarily expected a Romanian education journal to commemorate an anniversary date related to John Dewey and would be interested in a description of the "status" of Dewey's work in Romania. After a series of conversations with A. G. Rud, the current editor of Education and Culture, Sacalis was invited to prepare an essay describing Dewey's writings in Romania, published here along with the original three essays by Peter Hlebowitsh, Daniel Tanner, and William Schubert.
Dr. Sacalis, university professor at the National University of Theatrical and Cinematographic Arts (Bucharest), director of the Popular University Ioan I. Dalles (an open university institution in the Danish tradition), president of the National Association of Popular Universities (Asociatia Nationala a Univeristatilor Populare, a nongovernmental organization), and founding editor of Paideia (established in 1993), has maintained a lifelong interest in the work of John Dewey and American education, a topic that caused him some degree of suffering during the Ceausescu dictatorship. He has written of his discovery of books by Dewey in a "special library" while studying philosophy and pedagogy at Bucharest University in 1968. Sacalis states that he made quite a commotion by presenting Dewey's life and ideas in a university seminar, and since that time he has been active working with others in the translation of Dewey's ideas and books into Romanian, including Democracy and Education. We thank Professor Sacalis for re-introducing Dewey to a generation of Romanian educators and for inviting members of the JDS to commemorate the life and death of John Dewey.