restricted access Contributors
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Eva Brems received her LL.M. from Harvard in 1995, her Ph.D. KU Leuven in 1999. She is a Professor of Human Rights Law at Ghent University (Belgium). Her publications in English, include Human Rights: Universality and Diversity (Martinus Nijhoff, 2001). Her research interests include most areas of human rights law, in European and international law as well as in Belgian and comparative law. Contact:

Colm Campbell, is Professor of Law, Transitional Justice Institute, University of Ulster. He can be contacted at email:

Colin Fenwick is a graduate in law of the University of Melbourne and the University of Virginia. He is the Director of the Centre for Employment and Labour Relations Law at the University of Melbourne. His work in the area of international workers' rights and labor standards includes time as an ILO official and as a consultant to clients, including the Lawyers Committee for Human Rights, the US Department of Labor, the International Labor Rights Fund, and the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions. Among other things, he appeared as counsel at the hearings of the ILO's Commission of Inquiry into Forced Labour in Burma.

Henry Forbes Smith holds an LL.B. (Hons) (Otago), B.C.L. (Oxon), and Ph.D. (Cantab). Dr. Smith is admitted in New Zealand, New York, England, and Wales. He currently practices New York law in the London office of Davis Polk & Wardwell.

Mark Freeman holds a B.A. (McGill), LL.B. (Ottawa), and LL.M. (Columbia). He is the co-author of International Human Rights Law (Irwin Law, Canada). He is an international human rights consultant and author based in Canada.

Rhoda E. Howard-Hassmann is Canada Research Chair in Global Studies and Political Science at Wilfrid Laurier University, and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. Her books include Colonialism and Underdevelopment in Ghana (1978), Human Rights in Commonwealth Africa (1986), and Human Rights and the Search for Community (1995). She is also co-editor of An International Handbook of Human Rights (1987), and Sleeping under Bridges: Economic Rights in Canada and the United States (forthcoming, 2005). Her most recent volume, Compassionate Canadians: Civic Leaders Discuss Human Rights (2003) was named 2004 Outstanding Book by the Human Rights Section of the American Political Science Association. Her current research project is on the question of what the Western world owes Africa. Dr. Howard-Hassmann has been a Visiting Professor at four universities, and has presented invited lectures at many others. She is a member of six journal editorial boards. [End Page 357]

Karin Landgren has been UNICEF' s Chief of Child Protection since 1998, directing the agency' s efforts to protect children from violence, exploitation, and abuse. Prior to this she spent nearly twenty years with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), heading their office in Bosnia-Herzegovina during the war, as well as offices in Eritrea and Singapore. She was also UNHCR' s Chief of Standards and Legal Advice. In the 1980s, she worked extensively with Afghan, Iranian, and Vietnamese asylum seekers as Protection Officer for UNHCR in India and as Deputy Representative in the Philippines. Landgren has lectured extensively on refugee protection, child protection, and the protection of human rights in humanitarian crises. She is a Corresponding Editor of International Legal Materials. She holds degrees in International Relations (B.Sc.) and International Law (LL.M.) from the London School of Economics. She is a Swedish national, and grew up in Japan.

Siobhán Mullally, B.C.L. (NUI), LL.M. (LSE), Ph.D. (EUI, Florence). She is a Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Law, National University of Ireland (Cork).

Fionnuala Ní Aolá in, is Professor of Law, Transitional Justice Institute, University of Ulster. He can be contacted at email:

Frans Viljoen is Professor of Law at the Faculty of Law, University of Pretoria, and Director of Academic Programs, Centre for Human Rights, Faculty of Law, University of Pretoria. In 2002 he acted as consultant to Penal Reform International (PRI), assessing the work and impact of the Special Rapporteur on Prisons and Conditions of Detention in Africa. As part of the...