A Typology of Consonant Agreement as Correspondence

This article presents a typology of consonant harmony or LONG DISTANCE CONSONANT AGREEMENT that is analyzed as arisingthroug h correspondence relations between consonants rather than feature spreading. The model covers a range of agreement patterns (nasal, laryngeal, liquid, coronal, dorsal) and offers several advantages. Similarity of agreeing consonants is central to the typology and is incorporated directly into the constraints drivingcorrespondence. Agreement by correspondence without feature spreadingcaptures the neutrality of interveningseg ments, which neither block nor undergo. Case studies of laryngeal agreement and nasal agreement are presented, demonstratingthe modelÕs capacity to capture varyingdeg rees of similarity crosslinguistically.