Abstract

This article explores how nineteenth-century Protestant women missionaries utilized categories of morality and religion, gender, sexuality, race, and class in an effort to elevate the status of "heathen" women through exporting a Western notion of women's domesticity. The case of a Lutheran boarding school for girls that the Norwegian Missionary Society established in Madagascar in 1872 is used to examine how these categories were sought, made, and remade through discipline and social control, and how those subjected to discipline and control limited the effectiveness of missionaries' efforts. Through close readings of missionary texts, it is possible to detect both subtle and not-so-subtle acts of resistance on the part of Malagasies living at the boarding school.

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Additional Information

ISSN
1527-2036
Print ISSN
1042-7961
Pages
pp. 81-103
Launched on MUSE
2000-07-01
Open Access
No
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