Argentina: Over 75 percent of the country’s 24.1 million registered voters took part in presidential and legislative elections held on October 24. In the executive contest, Fernando de la Rua of the opposition Alianza (combining the Radical Civic Union and Frepaso) won with 48.5 percent of the vote, defeating Peronist candidate Eduardo Duhalde of the Justicialist Party (PJ), who received 38.1 percent, and Domingo Cavallo of the Action for the Republic Party (AR), who gained 10.1 percent. In elections for 130 of the 257 seats in the Cámara de Diputados, the Alianza won 63 new seats, thereby raising its total to a near majority of 127. The PJ won 50 seats, dropping its total to 101, while the AR secured 9 seats, raising its total to 12. Smaller parties took the remaining 8 seats.
Botswana: In October 24 elections to the 40-member National Assembly, the ruling Botswana Democratic Party finished with 33 seats, increasing its total by 6. The Botswana National Front won 6 seats, and the Botswana Congress Party finished third with one seat. The elections drew a turnout of over 75 percent of the country’s 460,000 registered voters.
Central African Republic: Presidential balloting took place on September 19, after a delay of over three weeks. Incumbent president Ange-Félix Patassé won a majority of the votes (51.6 percent). He was followed by Andre Kolingba (19.4 percent) and David Dacko (11.2 percent). Turnout was reported at 56.4 percent of the electorate. Opposition parties contested the results, but international observers declared that even the best of procedures would not have altered the results significantly. [End Page 206]
Chile: Presidential balloting was scheduled for December 12. Results will be reported in a future issue.
Georgia: Nearly 70 percent of the country’s 2.9 million registered voters took part in October 31 elections for 225 seats in the 235-member Sakartvelos Parlamenti. Of the 150 seats assigned on a proportional basis, the ruling Citizens’ Union of Georgia (CUG) won 85 seats, the All-Georgian Union of Revival (AGUR) received 51 seats, and the “Industry Will Save Georgia” bloc finished third with 14 seats. Of 75 members elected in single-member districts, the CUG won 33, the AGUR won 7, and independents won 9. The remaining 26 seats were decided in November 14 runoffs, the results of which will be reported in a future issue. The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) noted some violations of free and fair electoral practices.
Guatemala: In November 7 elections to the 115-seat unicameral Con-greso Nacional, the Guatemalan Republican Front (FRG) won a majority (63 seats); the ruling National Advancement Party (PAN) won 37 seats; the New Nation Alliance (ANN), 11; the Guatemalan Christian Demo-cratic Party, 2; and the Progressive Liberal Party and the Green Co-alition, one seat each. In the presidential race held the same day, Alfonso Portillo of the FRG received 43.6 percent of the vote, followed by PAN candidate Oscar Berger (27.8 percent) and Alvaro Colom of the ANN (11.3 percent). Because no candidate secured the majority need to avoid a runoff, a second round will be held on December 26, with Portillo and Berger running. Results will be reported in a future issue.
Guinea-Bissau: Parliamentary and presidential elections were held on November 28, the first since the 1998 civil war in which then-president Jo~ao Bernardo Vieira was deposed. Results of the voting for the 102-member National People’s Assembly gave the Social Renewal Party (PRS) 37 seats, the Guinea-Bissau Resistance 27, and the ruling African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC) 25. In the presidential race, PRS leader Koumba Yalla finished first, with 38 percent of the vote, while Malam Bacai Sanha of the PAIGC finished second with 23 percent. Since neither secured a majority, a runoff presidential election will be held, at a date yet to be announced.
India: Over 60 percent of the country’s 620 million registered voters cast their ballots in five rounds of elections—from September 5 through October 3...