Linda H. Aiken is the Claire M. Fagin Professor of Nursing, professor of sociology, and director of the Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research at the University of Pennsylvania. Her research interests include health care workforce, determinants of variation in hospital patient outcomes, and AIDS health services in the United States, Canada, and Europe. She is a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health Policy Investigator.
Kenneth J. Arrow was born in 1921, studied at public schools, and graduated from the City College of New York in 1940. His graduate studies at Columbia were interrupted by military service as weather officer (highest rank, captain). Arrow received his Ph.D. in 1951, with a dissertation on social choice theory. After research at the Cowles Commission for Research in Economics, he has been on the faculties of the University of Chicago, Stanford, and Harvard, retiring from Stanford in 1991. He has been president of a number of academic societies and received several honors, including the 1972 Nobel Prize in economics.
Gloria J. Bazzoli is a professor of health administration at Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond. Previously, she was research professor with the Institute for Health Services Research and Policy Studies, Northwestern University. Bazzoli undertakes research on the restructuring of health care organizations and health markets. She is a lead investigator in studies of physician-hospital integration, the effects of hospital mergers, the management and policy implications of provider financial risk bearing, and examination of the key strategic/structural characteristics of emerging health organizations. Recently, with her colleagues at the Urban Institute, she completed research examining safety net hospitals. Bazzoli received her M.S. and Ph.D. in economics from Cornell University and her B.S. in economics from the University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana.
M. Gregg Bloche, M.D., J.D., is a professor of law; co-director of the Georgetown-Johns Hopkins Joint Program in Law and Public Health; and an adjunct professor in the Department of Health Policy and Management at Johns Hopkins University. His main area of interest is health law and policy, and his recent and current work addresses the pursuit of efficiency and fairness in health care provision, the dual loyalties of physicians in managed health plans, patients' rights, and the role of for-profit institutions in medicine. His writing has appeared in a variety of medical and health policy journals as well as law reviews and books. Bloche received a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Investigator Award in Health Policy Research for 1997–2000 to support his research (and forthcoming book) on the legal and regulatory governance of managed care organizations. He has been a consultant to the Institute of Medicine (on patients' rights in managed health plans), South Africa's Trust and Reconciliation Commission (on human rights in the health sector), the Federal Judicial Center, the National Institutes of Health, the World Health Organization, and other private and public bodies. Bloche is a member of the Institute of Medicine's Committee on Understanding and Eliminating Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care and (starting in 2002) the Committee on Scientific Freedom and Responsibility of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He also serves on the boards of Physicians for Human Rights, Mental Disability Rights International, and other nonprofit groups. Bloche received his M.D. and J.D. degrees from Yale University.
Lawrence Casalino recently moved to the University of Chicago after twenty years as a family physician in Half Moon Bay, California. While continuing his practice, he obtained a Ph.D. in health services research and organizational sociology at the University of California, Berkeley. With support from a Robert Wood Johnson Investigator Award, Casalino is studying the effects of public policies and of public and private purchasing decisions on the organization of physician practice and the structure of physician—health plan relations in thirteen metropolitan areas throughout the United States. He has conducted over eight hundred interviews with U.S. leaders in hospital systems, health plans, and physician groups.
Michael Chernew is an associate professor at the University of Michigan in the departments of health management and policy, internal medicine, and economics. He received a Ph.D. in economics from Stanford University. In 1998...