R. Charli Carpenter is active in family and children’s advocacy and is a member of the Association for Genocide Scholars. She is currently completing a Ph.D. in Political Science at the University of Oregon.
Jacob Katz Cogan is a law clerk to Judge Sandra Lynch, U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit. He is a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania, Princeton University, and the Yale Law School. He would like to thank Brannon Denning, Katarina Grenfell, Karen Johnson, Sarah Lytle, Brent McIntosh, Michael Reisman, and Andrew Tauber for their helpful criticisms of earlier versions of this article.
Margaret McAuliffe deGuzman is currently a law clerk to the Honorable James R. Browning of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. She earned a J.D. from Yale Law School, an M.A.L.D. from the Fletcher School of Law & Diplomacy and a B.S.F.S from Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service.
Connie de la Vega is Professor of Law, University of San Francisco; J.D. University of California, Berkeley.
Neil A. Englehart is Assistant Professor of Government and Law at Lafayette College. He holds a Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of California, San Diego. His scholarly interests revolve around political culture, strategic choice, modern state institutions, and democracy. His area of specialization is Southeast Asia. Research for this paper was begun while on a Mellon Postdoctoral Fellowship at Northwestern University, and it was presented at the Hinman Symposium on Democratization and Human Rights, Binghamton University, September 1998.
José A. Lindgren Alves is a career diplomat, now Consul General of Brazil in San Francisco, California, and former member of the United Nations Sub-Commission on the Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities (Geneva, 1994–1998), who worked for eleven years as a delegate to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights (Geneva, 1986–1997) and to several world conferences on social issues (Vienna, 1993; Cairo, 1994; Copenhagen, 1995; Beijing, 1996; Istanbul, 1996). He also established the Human Rights and Social Department at the Brazilian Ministry of External Relations (Brasilia, 1995). Mr Lindgren Alves has given lectures and published many articles on international relations and human rights in Brazil and abroad, as well as two books in Portuguese, the titles of which translate as “Human Rights as a Global Theme” (Os direitos humanos como tema global, S. Paulo, Perspectiva, 1994) and “The International Architecture of Human Rights” (A arquitetura internacional dos direitos humanos, S. Paulo, FTD, 1997). [End Page 636]
Patrick Macklem & Ed Morgan are both of the Faculty of Law, University of Toronto. Under the auspices of the University of Toronto’s Test Case Centre, the authors are counsel to the Assembly of First Nations (“AFN”), the umbrella organization of the indigenous peoples of Canada, in Awas Tingni Mayagna (Sumo) Indigenous Community v. Republic of Nicaragua, before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.
John J. Tilley is an Associate Professor of Philosophy at Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI). His research areas are ethical theory and practical reason.